In crochet the gauge is the number of stitches and rows per inch. Patterns will often give you the gauge right after the list of materials needed and it will say something like, 15 sc and 17 rows = 4 ins.
To find your gauge make a swatch of about four to six inches square, block if needed. Take two pins and mark the beginning area to measure and count over the number of sts your pattern tells you, then place another pin. Place your ruler at the pins and measure the distance. Do the same for rows.
The swatch below was made in the yarn I was going to use to make a hat for my husband. It is a small swatch and should have been bigger. Anyhoo, you can get an idea of where to put the pins and measure. For this swatch the measurements hit dead on and I didn’t have to change the hook size. I started the hat and ripped it out. Then made the scarf, that is going to somebody, but I don’t know who yet. 🙂
If the stitches were too wide, I would have to go down a hook size. If the stitches were so narrow, I would have to go up a hook size.
Here is one of my latest projects. I really need to finish it before the end of August. I want to wear it the weekend of August 29th. 🙂
With this pattern, I had to make a swatch the width of the shawl and several rows, then block, before measuring. The gauge on the patterns is 2.75 sts and 2 rows per inch afer blocking. I came up way short and had to go up a hook size.
The only problem I see is blocking it. I don’t have a way to block such a long piece right now. Also, I can’t decide if I should steam block or soak and block. Hopefully, I’ll finish this quickly and I’ll post about how I blocked it.
That is all for now.